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Health & Physiology

showing 86-90 of 144 breaks

Taking cardiac fibrosis down with engineered immune cells

Heart disease, in its many forms, is one of the most prominent causes of death and suffering, especially in developed countries. One of the hallmarks of most heart diseases is fibrosis, characterized by excessive deposition of the extracellular matrix. Limited amounts of this matrix normally... click to read more

  • Joel G. Rurik | PhD student at Department of Cell and Developmental Biology, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA
  • Jonathan A. Epstein | Professor at Department of Cell and Developmental Biology, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA
Views 3851
Reading time 4 min
published on Jun 3, 2020
How calluses boost barefoot walking

For most of our species existence, we humans wandered the earth barefoot, walking over a vast diversity of daunting and often dangerous terrains with no shoes to protect our feet. Instead, we relied in part on a natural line of defense: calluses that form in... click to read more

  • Nicholas B. Holowka | Assistant Professor at Department of Anthropology, University at Buffalo, USA; Harvard University, Cambridge, USA
  • Bert Wynands | PhD student at Human Movement Science and Health Technische Universität Chemnitz, Chemnitz, Germany
  • Daniel E. Lieberman | Professor at Department of Human Evolutionary Biology Harvard University, Cambridge, USA
Views 6580
Reading time 4 min
published on Apr 27, 2020
Did the Justinianic Plague kill millions of people in antiquity?

The Justinianic Plague (circa 541 to 750 CE), also known as the first plague pandemic, has recently featured prominently in scholarly and popular discussions. The existing consensus attributes to the Justinianic Plague millions of deaths. The pandemic's first outbreak in the Mediterranean (circa 541-544) is... click to read more

  • Lee Mordechai | Senior Lecturer at Department of History, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Mount Scopus, Jerusalem, Israel
Views 5276
Reading time 4 min
published on Apr 17, 2020
The Face Mask Dilemma: to wear or not to wear, that is the question

The world has come to a standstill as COVID-19 hits us like a wave. A wave that has been steadily growing ever since the first case was reported in Wuhan, China, at the end of last year. Since there are currently no efficient treatment options... click to read more

  • Reinier Prosee | PhD student at Department of Molecular Biology, Section of Biology, Faculty of Science, University of Geneva, Switzerland
Views 7136
Reading time 4 min
published on Apr 6, 2020
English and Welsh hospital patients in the Lyme-light

Lyme disease is the most common vector-borne disease in the Northern Hemisphere. It is spread through the bite of ticks and can cause a "bull's eye" rash, fever, joint pain, and sometimes nerve problems. The amount of Lyme disease in each country in Europe varies... click to read more

  • John S. P. Tulloch | Research Fellow at NIHR Health Protection Research Unit in Emerging and Zoonotic Infections, University of Liverpool, Liverpool, UK
Views 4352
Reading time 3.5 min
published on Mar 23, 2020