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Earth & Space

showing 1-5 of 54 breaks

Gone but not forgotten – plant extinction in modern times

What do you think of when you hear the word 'extinction'? Chances are you think of dinosaurs or dodos. You'd be hard-pressed to find someone who thinks of plants. This contrast reflects that, until recently, we lacked a global overview of ongoing plant extinction. Extinction occurs... click to read more

  • A.M. Humphreys | Assistant Professor at Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden
  • R. Govaerts | Senior Content Editor at Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK
  • E. Nic Lughadha | Senior Research Leader at Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK
  • M.S. Vorontsova | Research Leader at Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK
Views 400
Reading time 4 min
published on Nov 29, 2019
Regime Change at Jakobshavn

Jakobshavn Isbrae is a glacier of superlatives. Located in central west Greenland, it is the ice sheet's (possibly the world's) fastest flowing glacier. Furthermore, it is the largest by ice volume discharge, and, for two decades, the most significant contributor to sea-level rise. Lately, Jakobshavn... click to read more

  • Ala Khazendar | Research Scientist at Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA, USA
Views 418
Reading time 3.5 min
published on Nov 1, 2019
Global warming blamed for Earth’s largest mass extinction

The industrial burning of fossil fuels is adding greenhouse gases to the atmosphere, trapping heat near the planet's surface and warming the oceans. A major effect of warming is to reduce the amount of dissolved oxygen (O2) found in the sea. This effect arises for... click to read more

  • Justin Penn | PhD student at University of Washington, School of Oceanography, Seattle, USA
Views 255
Reading time 3.5 min
published on Oct 28, 2019
Rainfall is changing: when and where we need to be ready to adapt?

Climate change will affect rainfall patterns around the world. Because rainfall is such a variable quantity, and models still have a hard time providing reliable projections, few studies have to date ventured to evaluate if these future patterns will move the climate outside the range... click to read more

  • Maisa Rojas Corradi | Professor at Departamento de Geofísica, Centro del Clima y la Resiliencia, Universidad de Chile, Santiago de Chile, Chile
Views 406
Reading time 4 min
published on Oct 21, 2019
Cascading effects of a marine heatwave impact dolphin survival and reproduction

Extreme weather events such as droughts, heavy rainfalls or extreme temperature fluctuations are occurring more frequently around the globe associated with global climate change. In early 2011, the western Australian coastline was hit by an unprecedented marine heatwave, which turned the coastal waters into a... click to read more

  • Sonja Wild | Postdoctoral Research Fellow at Department of Anthropology, University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland
Views 807
Reading time 4 min
published on Sep 20, 2019