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Maths, Physics & Chemistry

showing 1-5 of 43 breaks

Non-cuttable material inspired by seashells

Nature is dynamic and complex. Therefore, creatures generate the most efficiently functioning biological materials. For example, abalone sea creatures have shells that resist attacks by predators to crack them open. Shells combine hard calcium carbonate crystals interleaved with softer layers of viscoelastic proteins. The interlinking... click to read more

  • Stefan Szyniszewski | Assistant Professor at Department of Engineering, Durham University, Durham, UK
  • Miranda Anderson | Research Fellow at Philosophy and Literature, University of Stirling, Stirling, Scotland
Views 191
Reading time 3.5 min
published on Jul 21, 2021
How an artificial intelligence bends a single molecule

Molecules, which are collections of tightly bound atoms, are all around in everyday life. For example, you can read this article because the light impinging on your retina drives a molecule called retinaldehyde to bend into a new 3D structure. This fine-tuning in the molecule's... click to read more

  • Christian Wagner | Group Leader at Peter-Grünberg Institute (PGI-3), Forschungszentrum Jülich, Jülich, Germany
  • Klaus-Robert Müller | Professor at Machine Learning Group, Technische Universität Berlin, Berlin, Germany
  • F. Stefan Tautz | Professor at Peter-Grünberg Institute (PGI-3), Forschungszentrum Jülich, Jülich, Germany
Views 445
Reading time 4.5 min
published on Jul 9, 2021
What can land-free Earth teach us about climate evolution?

Predicting how the climate on our planet is evolving is crucial, especially under the ongoing climate change. But it is a challenging task, because the Earth climate is a complex, ever-changing system, involving many different factors influencing each other: sunlight, atmospheric carbon dioxide, polar ice... click to read more

  • Ariadna Fossas Tenas | PhD Student at Environmental Sciences Institute, University of Geneva, Geneva, Switzerland
Views 311
Reading time 4 min
published on Jun 28, 2021
Strip it out and build it back! Engineering a morphogen gradient

Imagine finding yourself in a thick crowd of people and having to figure out your whereabouts. Before the advent of smartphones, you used to have two main options: asking someone, or inspecting your surroundings in hopes of recognizing any landmarks. The smell of fresh bread... click to read more

  • Luca Cocconi | PhD Student at The Francis Crick Institute, London, UK; Imperial College, London, UK
  • Marc de Gennes | PhD Student at The Francis Crick Institute, London, UK
  • Guillaume Salbreux | Professor at The Francis Crick Institute, London, UK; University of Geneva, Geneva, Switzerland
Views 360
Reading time 3.5 min
published on Jun 16, 2021
How an artificial molecular machine pumps in nanoscale

Nature often uses sophisticated strategies beyond our imagination. For example, biomolecules such as enzymes and nucleic acids form dynamic networks, in which they loosely associate with each other only when they need to perform a task together. Taking inspiration from such weak and temporary interactions,... click to read more

  • Quentin Laurent | PhD Student at Department of Organic Chemistry, University of Geneva, Geneva, Switzerland
Views 474
Reading time 3.5 min
published on May 20, 2021