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DNA

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Vicious Circles – how changes in the shape of DNA can drive cancer

The diploid human genome contains 23 pairs of chromosomes whose DNA encodes genes for life activities, such as cell division. Cancer corrupts those genes, making growth-promoting genes more active (oncogenes) or growth-inhibiting genes (tumor suppressors) less active. One of the most common genetic alterations causing... click to read more

  • Sihan Wu | Postdoctoral Research Fellow at Ludwig Institute for Cancer Research, University of California at San Diego, La Jolla, CA, USA
  • Paul S. Mischel | Professor at Ludwig Institute for Cancer Research, University of California at San Diego, La Jolla, CA, USA
Views 580
Reading time 3.5 min
published on Aug 17, 2020
Capturing the past using DNA from Sacred Ibis Mummies

Animals were significant to the ancient Egyptians as they considered them Gods living on earth. By far, the most numerous mummies found are those of the Sacred Ibis, worshipped as the incarnation of the God Thoth. Thoth was the God responsible for maintaining the universe,... click to read more

  • Sally Wasef | Lecturer at Australian Research Centre for Human Evolution, Environmental Futures Research Institute, Griffith University, Queensland, Australia
  • David Lambert | Professor at Australian Research Centre for Human Evolution, Environmental Futures Research Institute, Griffith University, Queensland, Australia
Views 840
Reading time 3.5 min
published on Jul 6, 2020
The genetic metabolic component of anorexia nervosa

Anorexia nervosa is the deadliest psychiatric disorder and is notoriously challenging to treat. Currently, no medications are effective in its treatment, in part because we do not have a clear understanding of its biological basis. Despite myriad misconceptions, anorexia nervosa does not discriminate and can... click to read more

  • Zeynep Yilmaz | Assistant Professor at Department of Psychiatry, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC, USA
  • Cynthia M. Bulik | Distinguished Professor at Department of Psychiatry, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC, USA; Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden
Views 2334
Reading time 3.5 min
published on Feb 27, 2020
Ancient human DNA from a 10000 years old "chewing gum"

In recent decades ancient DNA has been continuously used as a part of the tool-kit for studying human history and evolution. Ancient human DNA is found in both organic and inorganic material, for example, bones, teeth, mummified materials, coprolites, soil, etc. Bones and teeth harbor the... click to read more

  • Natalija Kashuba | PhD student at Department of Archaeology and Ancient History, Archaeology, Uppsala University, Sweden
Views 2408
Reading time 3 min
published on Dec 3, 2019
BioBits™: Making Hands-on Biology Experiences Accessible for Everyone

Molecular biology is difficult to teach in schools, since the concepts can't be seen and are instead represented with abstract diagrams in textbooks. Some schools have introduced hands-on activities, such as growing cells that glow green, to illustrate these ideas in real life and facilitate... click to read more

  • Ally Huang | PhD student at Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Department of Biological Engineering, USA
  • Jessica Stark | PhD student at Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering, Northwestern University, USA
  • Peter Nguyen | Wyss Technology Fellow at Wyss Institute for Biologically Inspired Engineering, Harvard University, USA
Views 2405
Reading time 3.5 min
published on Feb 22, 2019