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Massimo Caine

About Massimo

Massimo, molecular biologist, is constantly on a mission to inspire scientists and laypeople around him with his passion for science. During the time spent on the bench, he followed his natural all-around curiosity, investigating several topics from medical diseases to plant physiology. Head of TheScienceBreaker, Massimo proudly chases his naïve dream of an engaged society where scientists and citizens are facing together the upcoming challenges for human civilizations.

Massimo is the editor of 321 Breaks:

Help or harm? How immune cells of the brain balance the immune response

An immune response is the body’s way of limiting damage and paving the way for repair. Specialized cells kill harmful invaders, clean up damaged tissue, and contribute to healing. A particularly important immune cell type in fulfilling these responsibilities is the macrophage.

Oct 7, 2020 | 3.5 min read
A prehistoric seawall to combat Mediterranean Sea-level rise

We summarize a recently published study describing and discussing a now-submerged seawall constructed some 7000 years ago by Neolithic villagers on the Mediterranean coast of northern Israel. It was built to protect the village against the rising sea. Their attempt was unsuccessful, and eventually, they were forced to abandon their home.

Oct 6, 2020 | 4 min read
A natural close-up of a pierced galaxy 18 billion light-years away

Something has poked a hole in the interstellar gas in a distant galaxy. This allows us the first ever direct view of what young, massive stars look like in far-ultraviolet light – and thanks to a natural, cosmic lens, the whole thing is magnified hundredfold and shown in 12 copies.

Oct 1, 2020 | 3.5 min read
Ouch, that needle hurts! How some viruses inject their DNA

Some viruses infect their bacterial hosts by injecting their DNA using a nano-injection machine that resembles a hypodermic needle. They then hijack their host into reproducing new copies of the virus and to unleash those copies to infect other hosts. To understand how this injection machine works in real-time, we developed a model to simulate the injection process.

Sep 25, 2020 | 3.5 min read
Why so aggressive? Bringing the past into the present

Animals change their aggressive behaviour across contexts, potentially due to lingering effects of past experiences. We tested the aggression in fruit flies before and after they were placed in a vial for 4-days, varying the group composition and the intensity of food competition. Male aggression changed after the 4-day period, showing how specific past experiences can alter future aggressiveness.

Sep 23, 2020 | 3.5 min read
Stop all the clocks: the hidden long-term consequences of sleep loss

Sleep loss perturbs the molecular circadian clock inside our cells. This effect persists long after the organism has recovered from sleep loss at the behavioral level.

Sep 22, 2020 | 4 min read